Elevated blood sugar has many causes.
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Diabetes is classified by type, based on causes. Knowing what type of diabetes you have will help you manage it.
Type 1 diabetes is caused by a loss or malfunction of the insulin producing cells, called pancreatic beta cells. Damage to beta cells results in an absence or insufficient production of insulin produced by the body. Most cases of type 1 diabetes have an autoimmune basis, and the immune system mistakenly attacks & destroys beta cells. Since insulin is necessary lớn sustain life, the missing insulin has to be replaced. The replacement insulin is administered by injection using a syringe or an insulin pump, which delivers the insulin under the skin.
Basic facts about type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes accounts for about 5-10% of diabetes worldwide.It is diagnosed in every ethnic group, but is most frequent in individuals of European ancestry.While type 1 diabetes is commonly diagnosed during adolescence và early adulthood, it can occur at any age. Older people who develop type 1 diabetes are often misdiagnosed as having Type 2 diabetes.Most people first diagnosed with type 1 diabetes are lean.85-90% will have no known family history of the disease.There are many theories about what causes type 1 diabetes. Autoimmune disease, viral infection, genetic disposition, & environmental factors may all play a role.
Sub categories of Type 1 diabetes
There are 2 sub categories of Type 1 diabetes:Type 1a including Latent Autoimmune Diabetes of Adults (LADA) Type 1b
You have Type 1a if:
Your immune system is so overactive that it is destroying normal beta cell tissue. The telltale signs of this destruction are detectable by a laboratory blood test. The thử nghiệm looks for markers. The các mục of markers includes glutamic acid decarboxylase antibodies (GADA), islet cell antibodies to membranous tyrosine phosphatase (ICA-512), islet cell antibodies (ICA), và insulin auto antibodies (IAA).
Some adults have a slowly progressive autoimmune destruction of their beta cells referred to lớn as Latent Autoimmune Diabetes of Adults or LADA. Sometimes this is also known as diabetes type 1 ½. Individuals with LADA may be treated for years with diet & pills, & often are misdiagnosed as having Type 2 diabetes. Ultimately insulin replacement therapy is necessary khổng lồ control the blood sugar. A diagnosis is made by confirming the presence of antibody markers.
You have Type 1b if:
You meet two criteria: the first, if there is no evidence in your blood that your immune system is attacking beta cells và the second, if you have alternating cycles where you need & then don’t need insulin replacement. This form of the disease is unusual và most often diagnosed in those of African or Asian heritage.
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